This database contains the results of the second global survey on trade facilitation and implementation of paperless trade, which covers 128 global economies. The survey tool includes 53 measures related to the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement (MDA), paperless trade measures and specific trade facilitation measures for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), the agricultural sector and women. Under the leadership of ESCAP, the investigation was conducted jointly by five UN regional commissions, namely EuRH, ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA in 2015, 2017 and 2019. Trade facilitation – the simplification, modernization and harmonization of export and import processes – has therefore become an important issue for the global trading system. In addition to maintaining ESCAP and the World Bank, ESCAP has also published a value-added trade cost database, based on OECD-OMC-TiVA data, which includes trade costs in the services sector. You can find the database here. For more information and a preliminary analysis of this dataset, the Alliance Instrument, the WTO Agreement on Trade Facilitation (TFA) through a gender objective, provides development practitioners and implementation with an in-depth analysis of the articles in Section I of the TFA from the perspective of gender equality. It shows how the TFA, regardless of its so-called blind expression of gender, offers an opportunity to remove gender barriers to international trade. NEW: ESCAP Trade Analytics Portal (gravity model, business cost model) By ratifying the agreement, countries are committed to reducing border bureaucracy, from measures to speed up the release and release of goods to better cooperation between border authorities. This initiative aims to better integrate the objectives and activities of the ARTNeT programme for research capacity development and the implementation of the research programme, particularly within the framework of the ADRO`s priority theme 1 (trade, investment and coherence of domestic policies for inclusive growth). It includes regional workshops on technical research, support for research studies on the use of learned techniques, development of research facilitation tools, and support for the dissemination of policy outcomes. These reforms will increase transparency and efficiency, reduce bureaucracy and corruption, and ultimately make trade simpler, faster and cheaper.
Overall, reforms have the potential to reduce trade costs by an average of 14.3% and create about 20 million jobs, especially in developing countries.